One of the best-known quotations attributed to French philosopher Albert Camus is the assertion that "fiction is the lie through which we tell the truth."

For Camus, who served in the French Resistance during the Second World War and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957, the concepts of truth and the realities of war were inextricably bound up in literature and storytelling as a form of resistance. As he wrote in 1951, "It is those who know how to rebel, at the appropriate moment, against history who really advance its interests."